A collection of contemporary work on virtue ethics, including a comprehensive introduction by Statman, an overview by Trianosky, Louden and Solomon on objections to virtue ethics, Hursthouse on abortion and virtue ethics, Swanton on value, and others.
Hare accepts that rule utilitarianism lorenzo lotto martirio san pietro collapses into act utilitarianism but claims that this is a result of allowing the rules to be "as specific and un-general as we please." He argues that one of the main reasons for introducing rule utilitarianism was to do justice.
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A utilitarian could accept the value of the virtue of kindness, but only because someone with a kind disposition is likely to bring about consequences that will maximize utility.Although modern virtue ethics does not have to take a neo-Aristotelian or eudaimonist form (see section 2 almost any modern version still shows that its roots are in ancient Greek philosophy by the employment of three concepts derived from.Few human creatures would consent to be changed into any of the lower animals, for a promise of the fullest allowance of a beast's pleasures; no intelligent human being would consent to be a fool, no instructed person would be an ignoramus, no person.Philosophical Review 95 (1986 233-255.In Zalta, Edward.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.Other versions of consequentialism may be generated by making small changes in this theory, as we shall see, so long as the new theory stays faithful to the broad idea that morality is all about producing the right kinds of overall consequences.He asks us to consider the dilemma of Anna Karenina, who had to choose between her love of Vronsky and her duty towards her husband and her son.A person displaying ill will toward others does remain a member of this community, but not with his whole personality.Initially this is a process of habituating oneself in right action.Honesty points to telling the hurtful truth, kindness and compassion to remaining silent or even lying.Dancy notes that this does not explain why intentions count but motives do not.Goodness provides the normative foundation.
A Critique of Utilitarianism, in Utilitarianism: For and Against,.J.C.